We live in a very interesting time. You see that in the last century the population has increased from 1 billion to 7 billion. That is amazing, the increase. And, we will even increase to 9 billion by 2050. But, people can afford animal proteins. And that means that on average, on a global level, people now consume 83 kg of milk, but that will go to 99 kg. That effect is bigger than the increase in world population.
And that means that in the coming four decades, we have to produce 300,000,000 tons of milk more. And that's 53% (increase). So, we have to produce more in the coming four decades than in the past 8,000 to 10,000 years.
We can only afford that if we can do it a sustainable way. Because we need more resources, and it has an effect on emissions. So, you can do it in two ways: You can have more animals. Or, you can say, our animals that are now on the farms, they can be more efficient. And the last is much better for the environment. It is also much more profitable.
Sustainability is one of the key words for the coming decades. I can say two key words: sustainability and innovation. So, innovation is also in the heart of Nutreco. We have to use new technologies, and if we use it and we can have our animals more efficient, then you have really sustainable nutritional solutions. Which is good for the profit-- for the profit of the farmer, the profit of everyone working in the sector. But, it's also good for the environment because you have less emissions.
For example, if we have to produce 300,000,000 tons of milk more in the coming four decades, if you calculate this with the average production of a cow now on earth, which is 2,500 kg of milk in a lactation; or, you say the top 10 producing countries, and they have an average of 9,000 kg of milk per lactation, that is a difference of 70% to 80% raw materials needed. And you have 70 to 80% less emissions. So, you see, there is a great opportunity. And, the good news is that more efficiency is better for the profitability, but it's also better for the environment.